This list of 25 hydropower projects in Tibetan areas and four downriver outside Tibet (in China these dams outside Tibetan areas are still termed as upriver), uses information published in Chinese by the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) on Feb. 19, 2019. This list was cross-checked against updated Chinese state media reports on individual dams and hydropower stations. Snapshots of their location from Google Earth are included. (Up-to-date images showing dam construction were often not available).
These images vividly show the access road and infrastructure work required to get heavy equipment to the sites between mountains, which is a reminder that the damage done by dams is not limited to the rivers.
The list comes from information in section 3.2.4 of the NDRC report, titled “Mega Hydraulic Power Generating Facility Construction and Operation”. It was issued by the following Chinese ministries: National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Ministry of Natural Resources, Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, The People’s Bank, National Energy Board. The involvement of multiple ministries testifies to the list’s authenticity, compared to the incomplete information China provided to UNESCO about hydropower proposals in areas impacting the World Heritage property the Three Parallel Rivers.
All of these projects are built into the 13th Five-Year Plan period, which began in 2016 and concludes next year. This explains why construction on many of the hydropower stations and associated infrastructure is well advanced. For further reference, the graphic below shows hydropower projects planned in the 12th Five Year Plan period that concluded in 2016.